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What Is the Definition of Idiosyncrasies

You`ll have new quirks that you`ll love as much as the old ones. Such quirks, such as the strange complexity and variability of smell, are now proving crucial to understanding the brain – how it maneuvers an organism through a rapidly changing landscape of molecular combinations. The term idiosyncratic drug reaction refers to an aberrant or bizarre reaction or hypersensitivity to a substance, unrelated to the pharmacology of the drug. This is called a type B reaction. Type B reactions have the following characteristics: they are generally unpredictable, may not be detected by toxicological screening, not necessarily dose-dependent, incidence and morbidity are low, but mortality is high. Type B reactions are most often immunological (e.g. While some of these quirks can be explained by gravitational interactions in systems with multiple planets, there may be conditions under which planets could form in bizarre orbits. So I pick up groceries at each stop and get to enjoy a bit of variety and quirks of local offerings, including food that can`t be mailed in, like cheese. Idio sounds stupid, but in reality, it`s Latin for «self,» since idiosyncrasy is his own, usually strange behavior. Adding salt to your hot chocolate or needing light to sleep or patting your head while you think are all quirks. A machine like a DVD player has a quirk when you have to do something strange to make it work, like if you have to hit it on the left back side to prevent it from jumping.

They chatted loudly about this peculiarity and even laughed about it, but quite decently, so that our feelings would be spared. What reveals Chopin`s idiosyncrasy perhaps more clearly than anything else is his friendship with Titus Woyciechowski. In hay fever, some patients have a peculiar, often hereditary, almost always neuroarthritic idiosyncrasy. An idiosyncrasy is an unusual feature of a person (although there are other uses as well, see below). It can also mean a strange habit. The term is often used to express eccentricity or specificity. [1] [2] A synonym can be «oddity». Greek idiosyncrasy, from idio- + synkerannynai to dazzle, from syn- + kerannynai mix, mix â more to the idiosyncratic crater means unique to an individual. Albert Einstein is known to have many idiosyncratic habits. For example, he rarely wore socks and talked to his cat. In psychiatry, the term refers to a specific and unique mental state of a patient, often accompanied by neologisms.

In psychoanalysis and behaviorism, it is used for the personal way in which a particular individual reacts, perceives and experiences a common situation: a certain dish of flesh can evoke nostalgic memories in one person and disgust in another. These reactions are called idiosyncratic. [ref. needed] According to a macroeconomic model that includes a financial sector[6], idiosyncratic risk hedging can be self-destructive, as it leads to higher systemic risk because it accepts more leverage. This makes the system less stable. Thus, while securitisations in principle reduce the cost of idiosyncratic shocks, they increase systemic risks to equilibrium. One thing Einstein was certainly not, he was an idiot. But stubborn and idiotic are linked.

Idio is the ancient Greek for «self». An idiosyncratic person is someone who does things their own way. And the original meaning of idiot was basically «a normal Joe» – an ordinary person who keeps himself to himself. Idiosyncrasy defined how doctors conceived disease in the 19th century. They considered each disease as a unique condition related to each patient. This understanding began to change in the 1870s, when discoveries by researchers in Europe led to the emergence of «scientific medicine,» a precursor to evidence-based medicine, which is now the standard of practice. [ref. needed] Among religious, idiosyncrasy means behavior that is different from usual, different from what is generally considered common, but also like other social behaviors that can be seen in variants of sects. In econometrics, the «idiosyncratic error» is used to describe errors, i.e. unobserved factors affecting the dependent variable, from panel data that change both over time and between units (individuals, firms, cities, villages, etc.). He had a constitutional aversion to lies, which was perhaps less a virtue than a peculiarity. Chicago is an oddity or exception to the rule where the O remains intact and the -an is added afterwards.

The term «idiosyncrasy» comes from the Greek ἰδιοσυγκρασία idiosyncrasía, «a particular temperament, a bodily habit»[3] (from ἴδιος idios, «one`s own», σύν syn, «with» and κρᾶσις krasis, «mixture of the four juices» (temperament)) or literally «special mixture»). When a person has an oddity, they have a little quirk or funny behavior that makes them different. If you only said goodbye in French, never in English, it would be a peculiarity. He attributed this unique quirk to a horror when he was a baby in his nurse`s arms. In phonology, an idiosyncratic property is opposed to systematic regularity. While systematic laws in the sound system of a language are useful for identifying phonological rules in analyzing the forms that morphemes can take, idiosyncratic properties are those whose occurrence is not determined by these rules. For example, the fact that the English word cab begins with a /k/ is an idiosyncratic property; On the other hand, the fact that its vowel is longer than in the English word cap is a systematic regularity, since it results from the fact that the final consonant is voiced and not voiceless. [4] In portfolio theory, the risks of price changes due to the unique circumstances of a particular security are referred to as «idiosyncratic risks» as opposed to the market as a whole. This specific risk, also known as non-systematic, can be removed from a portfolio through diversification. By grouping several securities, specific risks are eliminated.

In complete markets, there is no compensation for idiosyncratic risk – that is, the idiosyncratic risk of a security does not matter to its price. For example, in an entire market where the investment pricing model applies, the price of a security is determined by the level of systematic risk of its returns. The net income or losses that a landlord incurs from renting out one or two properties is subject to idiosyncratic risk because of the many things that can happen to properties and the varying behavior of tenants. [5] The term can also be applied to symbols or words. Idiosyncratic symbols mean one thing to a particular person as a blade may mean war, but to someone else it might symbolize surgery.